Explanation: Each team is listed with its record, overall score differential, and six ratings. Brief explanations of the ratings follow.
• Schedule The number in this column is the effective opponent strength of a team. In other words, they would be expected to have the same record had they played all games against an opponent of this predictive rating at a neutral site. Because this calculation depends on the strength of the team in question, it is not possible to rank schedules using these values.
• Standard Ranks teams in an order such that a team is "probably better" than all teams ranked lower than it. This calculation uses margin of victory only for computing a team's opponents strengths; the team's rating itself is computed using only wins, losses, and ties relative to its schedule
• Median Likelihood Determines the likely ratings for each team, based on its wins, losses, and ties relative to its schedule. This generally produces the same or similar ratings as the standard ranking.
• Predictive Both schedule strength and rating vs. schedule strength are determined considering both the wins and losses and the score differentials. This rating contains none of the biases in the standard rating, but does weight recent games slightly more than past games since those are a better indication of the team's current strength. This rating is the best of the first three for seeing how good teams are, and thus is the best for predicting future results.
• Improved RPI Rating The improved RPI formula is similar to the standard RPI, except that the schedule strength is carried out to infinite depth instead of ending with opponents' opponents, thus allows for a better comparison of isolated groups of teams than is given by the standard RPI calculation. It is similar to the simple rating, except that all games are given equal weight.
• RPI Rating. Included only because of common real-life usage. The RPI rating has many statistical problems. The football RPI rating is based on the BCS formula, and approximates the schedule, loss, and quality win components.
• Pseudo-Poll. A blended ranking based on win-loss and predictive ratings, calibrated to match real-life polls as closely as possible. This gives a rough but unbiased estimate of how typical voters value record vs. impressive wins.
• Predictive-Scoring. This value indicates how many points a team would be expected to score if it played an identical team.
• Predictive-Offense. This combines the predictive and scoring ratings to measure how many points a team scores. The number is the predictive rating of an opponent against whom the team would be expected to score the league average number of points. This does not necessarily rate a team's offensive abilities, as a fast pace in basketball or big-play defense in football can make a team score more points.
• Predictive-Defense. This combines the predictive and scoring ratings to measure how many points a team allows. The number is the predictive rating of an opponent against whom the team would be expected to allow the league average number of points. The same caveat in the predictive-offense rating applies here.
Because these ratings contain no prejudices regarding team or conference strengths, they tend to be quite inaccurate early in the seasons. College football appears to take at least 5 games per team before even remotely reasonable ratings are produced; acceptable ratings are produced with 8 games per team; excellent ratings unfortunately require 14 games per team.

Rankings by division: Overall NCAA-I NCAA-II NCAA-III NAIA-I NAIA-II NCCAA-I NCCAA-II USCAA-I USCAA-II CIS CCAA NBCAA Indep

## Full Ranking

``````                                                 STANDARD   MED LIKELY  PREDICTIVE  IMPRVD RPI     RPI         POLL       OFFENSE     DEFENSE
TEAM                     W  L   PF   PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Cincinnati-Clermont     26  7 2886 2329 -1.421    1 -0.535    1 -0.638    1 -0.763    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    1 14.058    1 -0.247    5 -1.280
World Harvest Bible     17  5 1709 1445 -1.579    2 -0.707    2 -0.796    3 -1.092    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    2 13.380    3 -1.443    2 -0.741
Williamson Trade         7  4  681  571 -1.447    3 -1.297    3 -1.299    2 -1.083    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    3 11.792   10 -2.363    1  0.197
Penn St-DuBois          16  7 1777 1599 -2.246    4 -1.672    4 -1.719    5 -1.898    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    5  9.831    4 -1.662    7 -2.134
Penn St-Beaver          16  9 1851 1582 -1.904    5 -1.776    5 -1.802    4 -1.396    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    4  9.972    5 -1.664    4 -1.128
New Hampshire Tech      19  7 2064 1661 -2.587    6 -1.950    6 -2.014    6 -1.943    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    6  8.887    7 -1.996    6 -1.889
Central Maine CC        16  6 1714 1520 -2.724    7 -1.983    7 -2.056    8 -2.473    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    7  8.610    9 -2.201   11 -2.744
Maine-Augusta           15 13 2160 2088 -2.442    8 -2.243    8 -2.346   10 -2.561    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    8  7.898    8 -2.026   14 -3.096
Andrews                  8 12 1032 1202 -2.164    9 -2.251    9 -2.354   11 -2.701    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    9  7.613   23 -4.474    3 -0.928
Penn St-Gtr Allegheny   11 10 1400 1632 -2.799   10 -2.261   10 -2.368   16 -3.161    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   11  7.498   13 -3.120   16 -3.203
TEAM                     W  L   PF   PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Penn Tech               13 12 1937 2073 -2.657   11 -2.277   11 -2.389   12 -2.822    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   10  7.558    6 -1.932   18 -3.712
Penn St-Wilkes-Barre    15 13 1814 1921 -2.861   12 -2.580   12 -2.670   14 -2.939    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   13  6.684   17 -3.501    8 -2.377
Southern Maine CC       12  9 1941 1682 -2.682   13 -2.591   13 -2.684    7 -2.246    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   12  7.004    2 -0.566   19 -3.927
Penn St-York             9 15 1579 1721 -2.631   14 -2.750   14 -2.813   15 -3.001    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   14  6.163   14 -3.247   12 -2.755
Hesser                   6 15 1503 1579 -2.294   15 -2.908   15 -2.997    9 -2.556    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   15  5.982   11 -2.629    9 -2.484
Warren Wilson           10 13 1659 1738 -3.062   16 -3.133   16 -3.237   18 -3.306    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   16  5.313   16 -3.430   15 -3.183
Penn St-Schuylkill       8 13 1463 1546 -2.861   17 -3.195   17 -3.361   13 -2.840    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   17  5.163   12 -2.883   13 -2.797
Clark St CC              5  9  959 1007 -2.907   18 -3.202   18 -3.371   17 -3.211    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   18  5.016   19 -3.914   10 -2.509
Penn St-Fayette          7 17 1605 1994 -2.978   19 -3.233   19 -3.421   20 -3.674    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   19  4.829   15 -3.364   21 -3.983
Penn St-Hazleton         6 17 1531 1714 -2.958   20 -3.419   20 -3.784   19 -3.399    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   20  4.468   18 -3.504   17 -3.293
TEAM                     W  L   PF   PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Northern Maine CC        0  1   42  113 -1.299   21 -3.483   21 -3.896   28 -5.171    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   22  3.760   27 -5.362   28 -4.980
Penn St-New Kensington   4 18 1379 1815 -3.294   22 -3.563   22 -4.110   22 -4.293    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   21  3.928   21 -4.253   23 -4.334
Penn St-Mont Alto        2 14 1039 1320 -3.303   23 -3.737   23 -4.538   21 -4.133    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   23  3.360   20 -3.953   22 -4.313
Penn St-Brandywine       1 21 1270 1756 -3.210   24 -3.905   24 -4.802   23 -4.353    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   24  3.062   25 -4.747   20 -3.959
Penn St-Worth Scranton   1 16 1094 1392 -3.365   25 -3.979   25 -4.975   24 -4.411    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   25  2.808   22 -4.304   24 -4.518
Eastern Maine CC         2 13  868 1239 -4.194   26 -3.987   26 -4.992   27 -5.057    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   26  2.674   28 -5.376   27 -4.738
Neb Coll of Tech Agr     2  3  361  435 -5.330   27 -4.006   27 -5.054   29 -5.857    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   28  2.489   26 -5.222   30 -6.492
Ohio St-Marion           1 29 1757 2734 -3.180   28 -4.025   28 -5.096   25 -4.574    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   27  2.666   24 -4.584   26 -4.565
Christendom              3 12  867 1080 -4.643   29 -4.181   29 -5.604   26 -5.033    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   29  2.251   29 -5.520   25 -4.546
Unity                    0 14  485 1204 -4.801   30 -4.433   30 -6.419   30 -7.285    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   30  1.171   30 -9.152   29 -5.418

USCAA-II: strength=-2.993 (#2)
STANDARD   MED LIKELY  PREDICTIVE  IMPRVD RPI     RPI         POLL       OFFENSE     DEFENSE
TEAM                     W  L   PF   PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Williamson Trade         7  4  681  571 -1.447    3 -1.297    3 -1.299    2 -1.083    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    3 11.792   10 -2.363    1  0.197
Andrews                  8 12 1032 1202 -2.164    9 -2.251    9 -2.354   11 -2.701    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    9  7.613   23 -4.474    3 -0.928
St Joseph's-Brooklyn    10 16 1800 2029 -2.861      -2.557      -2.639      -3.021      0.0000      0.0000       6.710      -2.645      -3.397
Vermont Tech            15 18 2434 2344 -2.656      -2.617      -2.672      -2.609      0.0000      0.0000       6.918      -2.840      -2.379
Warren Wilson           10 13 1659 1738 -3.062   16 -3.133   16 -3.237   18 -3.306    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   16  5.313   16 -3.430   15 -3.183
Neb Coll of Tech Agr     2  3  361  435 -5.330   27 -4.006   27 -5.054   29 -5.857    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   28  2.489   26 -5.222   30 -6.492

Ohio CAC: strength=-2.940 (#1)
STANDARD   MED LIKELY  PREDICTIVE  IMPRVD RPI     RPI         POLL       OFFENSE     DEFENSE
TEAM                     W  L   PF   PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
World Harvest Bible     17  5 1709 1445 -1.579    2 -0.707    2 -0.796    3 -1.092    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    2 13.380    3 -1.443    2 -0.741
Southern St OH           6 11 1571 1676 -2.417      -2.665      -2.734      -2.718      0.0000      0.0000       6.499      -0.346      -5.090
Clark St CC              5  9  959 1007 -2.907   18 -3.202   18 -3.371   17 -3.211    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   18  5.016   19 -3.914   10 -2.509
Ohio St-Marion           1 29 1757 2734 -3.180   28 -4.025   28 -5.096   25 -4.574    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   27  2.666   24 -4.584   26 -4.565

Penn St UAC: strength=-3.306 (#4)
STANDARD   MED LIKELY  PREDICTIVE  IMPRVD RPI     RPI         POLL       OFFENSE     DEFENSE
TEAM                     W  L   PF   PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Penn St-DuBois          16  7 1777 1599 -2.246    4 -1.672    4 -1.719    5 -1.898    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    5  9.831    4 -1.662    7 -2.134
Penn St-Beaver          16  9 1851 1582 -1.904    5 -1.776    5 -1.802    4 -1.396    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    4  9.972    5 -1.664    4 -1.128
Penn St-Gtr Allegheny   11 10 1400 1632 -2.799   10 -2.261   10 -2.368   16 -3.161    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   11  7.498   13 -3.120   16 -3.203
Penn Tech               13 12 1937 2073 -2.657   11 -2.277   11 -2.389   12 -2.822    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   10  7.558    6 -1.932   18 -3.712
Penn St-Wilkes-Barre    15 13 1814 1921 -2.861   12 -2.580   12 -2.670   14 -2.939    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   13  6.684   17 -3.501    8 -2.377
Penn St-York             9 15 1579 1721 -2.631   14 -2.750   14 -2.813   15 -3.001    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   14  6.163   14 -3.247   12 -2.755
Penn St-Schuylkill       8 13 1463 1546 -2.861   17 -3.195   17 -3.361   13 -2.840    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   17  5.163   12 -2.883   13 -2.797
Penn St-Fayette          7 17 1605 1994 -2.978   19 -3.233   19 -3.421   20 -3.674    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   19  4.829   15 -3.364   21 -3.983
Penn St-Hazleton         6 17 1531 1714 -2.958   20 -3.419   20 -3.784   19 -3.399    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   20  4.468   18 -3.504   17 -3.293
Penn St-New Kensington   4 18 1379 1815 -3.294   22 -3.563   22 -4.110   22 -4.293    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   21  3.928   21 -4.253   23 -4.334
Penn St-Mont Alto        2 14 1039 1320 -3.303   23 -3.737   23 -4.538   21 -4.133    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   23  3.360   20 -3.953   22 -4.313
Penn St-Brandywine       1 21 1270 1756 -3.210   24 -3.905   24 -4.802   23 -4.353    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   24  3.062   25 -4.747   20 -3.959
Penn St-Worth Scranton   1 16 1094 1392 -3.365   25 -3.979   25 -4.975   24 -4.411    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   25  2.808   22 -4.304   24 -4.518

USCAA-II-Yankee: strength=-3.172 (#3)
STANDARD   MED LIKELY  PREDICTIVE  IMPRVD RPI     RPI         POLL       OFFENSE     DEFENSE
TEAM                     W  L   PF   PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
New Hampshire Tech      19  7 2064 1661 -2.587    6 -1.950    6 -2.014    6 -1.943    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    6  8.887    7 -1.996    6 -1.889
Central Maine CC        16  6 1714 1520 -2.724    7 -1.983    7 -2.056    8 -2.473    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    7  8.610    9 -2.201   11 -2.744
Maine-Augusta           15 13 2160 2088 -2.442    8 -2.243    8 -2.346   10 -2.561    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    8  7.898    8 -2.026   14 -3.096
Southern Maine CC       12  9 1941 1682 -2.682   13 -2.591   13 -2.684    7 -2.246    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   12  7.004    2 -0.566   19 -3.927
Hesser                   6 15 1503 1579 -2.294   15 -2.908   15 -2.997    9 -2.556    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   15  5.982   11 -2.629    9 -2.484
Northern Maine CC        0  1   42  113 -1.299   21 -3.483   21 -3.896   28 -5.171    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   22  3.760   27 -5.362   28 -4.980
Eastern Maine CC         2 13  868 1239 -4.194   26 -3.987   26 -4.992   27 -5.057    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   26  2.674   28 -5.376   27 -4.738
Unity                    0 14  485 1204 -4.801   30 -4.433   30 -6.419   30 -7.285    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   30  1.171   30 -9.152   29 -5.418

Conference Strengths
CONFERENCE                  W   L   PCT  RNK RATING
Ohio CAC                   29  54 0.349    1 -2.940
USCAA-II                   52  66 0.441    2 -2.993
USCAA-II-Yankee            70  78 0.473    3 -3.172
Penn St UAC               109 182 0.375    4 -3.306
``````

``````Home field advantage amounts to:
0.277 points in main ratings
0.031 points in improved RPI
Average of 2.15 points per score
``````
```Predict score: vs. hosting at Team Strength vs. Time Plot: posted: Mon Dec 23 16:25:06 2019 ```

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