Explanation: Each team is listed with its record, overall score differential, and six ratings. Brief explanations of the ratings follow.
• Schedule The number in this column is the effective opponent strength of a team. In other words, they would be expected to have the same record had they played all games against an opponent of this predictive rating at a neutral site. Because this calculation depends on the strength of the team in question, it is not possible to rank schedules using these values.
• Standard Ranks teams in an order such that a team is "probably better" than all teams ranked lower than it. This calculation uses margin of victory only for computing a team's opponents strengths; the team's rating itself is computed using only wins, losses, and ties relative to its schedule
• Median Likelihood Determines the likely ratings for each team, based on its wins, losses, and ties relative to its schedule. This generally produces the same or similar ratings as the standard ranking.
• Predictive Both schedule strength and rating vs. schedule strength are determined considering both the wins and losses and the score differentials. This rating contains none of the biases in the standard rating, but does weight recent games slightly more than past games since those are a better indication of the team's current strength. This rating is the best of the first three for seeing how good teams are, and thus is the best for predicting future results.
• Improved RPI Rating The improved RPI formula is similar to the standard RPI, except that the schedule strength is carried out to infinite depth instead of ending with opponents' opponents, thus allows for a better comparison of isolated groups of teams than is given by the standard RPI calculation. It is similar to the simple rating, except that all games are given equal weight.
• RPI Rating. Included only because of common real-life usage. The RPI rating has many statistical problems. The football RPI rating is based on the BCS formula, and approximates the schedule, loss, and quality win components.
• Pseudo-Poll. A blended ranking based on win-loss and predictive ratings, calibrated to match real-life polls as closely as possible. This gives a rough but unbiased estimate of how typical voters value record vs. impressive wins.
• Predictive-Scoring. This value indicates how many points a team would be expected to score if it played an identical team.
• Predictive-Offense. This combines the predictive and scoring ratings to measure how many points a team scores. The number is the predictive rating of an opponent against whom the team would be expected to score the league average number of points. This does not necessarily rate a team's offensive abilities, as a fast pace in basketball or big-play defense in football can make a team score more points.
• Predictive-Defense. This combines the predictive and scoring ratings to measure how many points a team allows. The number is the predictive rating of an opponent against whom the team would be expected to allow the league average number of points. The same caveat in the predictive-offense rating applies here.
Because these ratings contain no prejudices regarding team or conference strengths, they tend to be quite inaccurate early in the seasons. College football appears to take at least 5 games per team before even remotely reasonable ratings are produced; acceptable ratings are produced with 8 games per team; excellent ratings unfortunately require 14 games per team.

Rankings by division: Overall I-A I-AA II III NAIA HAAC GAC NESCAC NSIC MAIAA

## Full Ranking

``````                                               STANDARD   MED LIKELY  PREDICTIVE  IMPRVD RPI     RPI         POLL       OFFENSE     DEFENSE
TEAM                     W  L  PF  PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Minn St-Mankato         13  1 562 215  0.835    1  1.889    1  1.664    1  1.529    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    1 13.966    1  1.565    2  1.492
Winona St               10  2 400 175  0.684    2  1.477    2  1.186    2  1.073    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    2 13.094    2  0.844    3  1.302
Sioux Falls              9  3 313 150  0.495    3  1.040    3  0.842    3  0.829    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    3 12.451    5  0.069    1  1.588
Minnesota-Duluth         9  3 393 222  0.424    4  1.007    4  0.804    4  0.815    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    4 12.383    3  0.688    4  0.941
Bemidji St               8  3 388 190 -0.017    5  0.441    5  0.345    5  0.476    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    5 11.364    4  0.424    5  0.529
Wayne St NE              6  5 272 254 -0.019    6  0.160    7  0.040    6  0.071    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    6 10.682    6 -0.080    6  0.222
Upper Iowa               6  5 271 273 -0.097    7  0.139    6  0.073    9 -0.219    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    7 10.651   10 -0.336    9 -0.102
Northern St SD           6  5 265 301 -0.286    8  0.095    8  0.016   11 -0.380    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    8 10.436   11 -0.386   10 -0.374
St Cloud St              6  5 310 231 -0.252    9 -0.181    9 -0.245    8 -0.098    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    9 10.247    7 -0.189    8 -0.007
Augustana SD             4  7 226 284 -0.007   10 -0.269   10 -0.349    7 -0.084    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   10  9.820    8 -0.206    7  0.038
TEAM                     W  L  PF  PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Minn St-Moorhead         5  6 285 289 -0.383   11 -0.412   11 -0.442   10 -0.373    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   11  9.663    9 -0.322   11 -0.425
SW Minnesota St          2  9 205 377 -0.151   12 -0.817   12 -0.810   13 -0.772    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   13  8.753   13 -0.639   14 -0.905
Concordia-St Paul        2  9 213 342 -0.082   13 -0.859   13 -0.866   12 -0.428    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   12  8.861   12 -0.393   12 -0.464
Minot St                 3  8 188 320 -0.658   14 -0.899   14 -0.914   14 -0.894    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   14  8.526   15 -1.203   13 -0.585
Mary                     1 10 180 469 -0.694   15 -1.317   15 -1.408   15 -1.324    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   15  7.366   14 -1.077   15 -1.571
Minnesota-Crookston      0 11 141 513 -0.876   16 -1.651   16 -1.777   16 -1.785    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   16  6.585   16 -1.677   16 -1.893

Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference: strength=-0.110 (#1)
STANDARD   MED LIKELY  PREDICTIVE  IMPRVD RPI     RPI         POLL       OFFENSE     DEFENSE
TEAM                     W  L  PF  PA  SCHED  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING  RNK RATING
Minn St-Mankato         13  1 562 215  0.835    1  1.889    1  1.664    1  1.529    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    1 13.966    1  1.565    2  1.492
Winona St               10  2 400 175  0.684    2  1.477    2  1.186    2  1.073    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    2 13.094    2  0.844    3  1.302
Sioux Falls              9  3 313 150  0.495    3  1.040    3  0.842    3  0.829    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    3 12.451    5  0.069    1  1.588
Minnesota-Duluth         9  3 393 222  0.424    4  1.007    4  0.804    4  0.815    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    4 12.383    3  0.688    4  0.941
Bemidji St               8  3 388 190 -0.017    5  0.441    5  0.345    5  0.476    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    5 11.364    4  0.424    5  0.529
Wayne St NE              6  5 272 254 -0.019    6  0.160    7  0.040    6  0.071    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    6 10.682    6 -0.080    6  0.222
Upper Iowa               6  5 271 273 -0.097    7  0.139    6  0.073    9 -0.219    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    7 10.651   10 -0.336    9 -0.102
Northern St SD           6  5 265 301 -0.286    8  0.095    8  0.016   11 -0.380    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    8 10.436   11 -0.386   10 -0.374
St Cloud St              6  5 310 231 -0.252    9 -0.181    9 -0.245    8 -0.098    1 0.0000    1 0.0000    9 10.247    7 -0.189    8 -0.007
Augustana SD             4  7 226 284 -0.007   10 -0.269   10 -0.349    7 -0.084    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   10  9.820    8 -0.206    7  0.038
Minn St-Moorhead         5  6 285 289 -0.383   11 -0.412   11 -0.442   10 -0.373    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   11  9.663    9 -0.322   11 -0.425
SW Minnesota St          2  9 205 377 -0.151   12 -0.817   12 -0.810   13 -0.772    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   13  8.753   13 -0.639   14 -0.905
Concordia-St Paul        2  9 213 342 -0.082   13 -0.859   13 -0.866   12 -0.428    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   12  8.861   12 -0.393   12 -0.464
Minot St                 3  8 188 320 -0.658   14 -0.899   14 -0.914   14 -0.894    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   14  8.526   15 -1.203   13 -0.585
Mary                     1 10 180 469 -0.694   15 -1.317   15 -1.408   15 -1.324    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   15  7.366   14 -1.077   15 -1.571
Minnesota-Crookston      0 11 141 513 -0.876   16 -1.651   16 -1.777   16 -1.785    1 0.0000    1 0.0000   16  6.585   16 -1.677   16 -1.893

Conference Strengths
CONFERENCE                                                W   L   PCT  RNK RATING
Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference                  90  92 0.495    1 -0.110
``````

``````Home field advantage amounts to:
0.165 points in main ratings
0.023 points in improved RPI
Average of 6.20 points per score
``````
```Predict score: vs. hosting at Team Strength vs. Time Plot: posted: Mon Dec 23 16:38:24 2019 ```

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